2nd April is recognized as World Autism Day in order to raise awareness among people regarding autism and those with ASD (Autism spectrum disorder). The bill was passed and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007 and is one of the seven prominent health specific days officially regarded worldwide.
The main aim behind autism awareness is acceptability other than diagnosis, research, treatment for this developmental disorder.
Autism is a complex disorder resulting in not only one complexity but many different symptoms. Apart from repetitive body movements and behaviors, it also affects the social interactive patterns and communicative skills. Children with ASD are generally late speakers and have difficulty in expressing their emotions or feeling other’s sentiments. They fall behind the normal targeted milestones.
The extent of ASD is different for everyone and varies from child to child. It is first diagnosed between 24-36 months of age but many children can even show the signs soon after birth. More common in boys than in girls, children with autism might have trouble dealing with sounds, smell, and touch. It has also been seen that these differently abled children have specially developed skills in other fields that may consist of drawing, sketching, calculations, music etc.
What causes autism is still unknown. However mothers conceiving at an advanced age are more likely to produce an autistic child compared to women conceiving in their 20s or 30s.
The real challenge falls on the child himself and the family of course. Since children with special needs demand extra attention and utmost care, it takes a toll on parents to balance between their life, priorities, career and home. It is only possible through creating platforms to raise awareness regarding autism and spread the word among family and friends so that they normalize their view and presumptions about autism and don’t discriminate between normally abled children and special needs one.